Bench-grafting large-scale production of resistant rootstocks

Date or time period: 1940s

Bench-grafting for production of large numbers of units on resistant rootstocks probably from the 1940s in Europe; these techniques were practiced indoors as opposed to in the field or nursery, which were traditional sites for grafting and conducive to mechanisation and factory-style production lines. Advantages included reduced cost per unit and easier grafting of difficult-to-graft rootstocks, such as berlandieri